Sally M. Startsman1

F, #48065, b. 4 March 1844, d. 17 December 1923
  • Birth*: 4 March 1844; Hagerstown, Maryland, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 29 October 1873; Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Daniel W. Kemp1
  • Death*: 17 December 1923; Tiffin, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Married Name: 29 October 1873; Kemp1

Family: Daniel W. Kemp b. Jan 1847, d. b 1923

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

Philip W. Kemp1

M, #48066, b. September 1846, d. September 1915
  • Birth*: September 1846; Ameliasburg Twp., Prince Edward Co., Ontario; per GEDCOM of Cheryl Kemp Taber, March 29 2011. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1,2
  • Marriage*: circa 1865; Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Lydia G. Tuesley1
  • Death*: September 1915; Riverside, South Bend, Indiana, U.S.A.; per GEDCOM of Cheryl Kemp Taber, March 29 2011. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1,2

Family: Lydia G. Tuesley b. Jun 1844, d. 8 Jun 1919

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S22] Rootsweb, online unknown url.

Lydia G. Tuesley1,2,3

F, #48067, b. June 1844, d. 8 June 1919
  • Birth*: June 1844; Ontario; per GEDCOM of Cheryl Kemp Taber, March 29 2011. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.2,3
  • Marriage*: circa 1865; Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Philip W. Kemp2
  • Death*: 8 June 1919; Elkhart, Elkhard Co., Indiana, U.S.A.; per GEDCOM of Cheryl Kemp Taber, March 29 2011.3
  • Married Name: circa 1865; Kemp2

Family: Philip W. Kemp b. Sep 1846, d. Sep 1915

Citations

  1. Per GEDCOM of Cheryl Kemp Taber, March 29 2011.
  2. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  3. [S22] Rootsweb, online unknown url.

Eleanor Kemp1

F, #48068, b. circa 1848
  • Birth*: circa 1848; Ameliasburg Twp., Prince Edward Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 3 June 1869; Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per GEDCOM of Cheryl Kemp Taber, March 29 2011.; Principal=Andrew J. Brown2

Family: Andrew J. Brown b. c 1841

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S22] Rootsweb, online unknown url.

Amanda C. "Mattie" Kemp1

F, #48069, b. 3 January 1858, d. 2 January 1901
  • Birth*: 3 January 1858; Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 12 July 1892; Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Charles Frederick "Fred" Oster1
  • Death*: 2 January 1901; Tiffon, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Married Name: 12 July 1892; Oster1

Family: Charles Frederick "Fred" Oster b. 23 Apr 1857, d. 11 Mar 1921

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

Charles Frederick "Fred" Oster1

M, #48070, b. 23 April 1857, d. 11 March 1921
  • Birth*: 23 April 1857; Tiffin, Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 12 July 1892; Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Amanda C. "Mattie" Kemp1
  • Death*: 11 March 1921; Tiffin, Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1

Family: Amanda C. "Mattie" Kemp b. 3 Jan 1858, d. 2 Jan 1901

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

James E. Kemp1

M, #48071, b. 26 February 1818, d. 29 June 1895
  • Birth*: 26 February 1818; Ameliasburg Twp., Prince Edward Co., Ontario; Date Feb 26 1818 & location US per 1861 Census (US looks like mistake, shown after mother who was born US but is not ditto so should be UC - finger cramp most likely. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1,2
  • Marriage*: 9 October 1843; Brighton Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Adaline Wait1
  • Death*: 29 June 1895; McCutchenville, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Census*: April 1861; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 43 at 1861 Census: see John Kemp (father)2

Family: Adaline Wait b. 23 Oct 1822, d. 10 Aug 1902

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.

Adaline Wait1

F, #48072, b. 23 October 1822, d. 10 August 1902
  • Birth*: 23 October 1822; Ontario; Date Oct 23 1822 & location Ont. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006. Date 1822 & location US per 1861 Census - location appears to be a mistake.1,2
  • Marriage*: 9 October 1843; Brighton Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=James E. Kemp1
  • Death*: 10 August 1902; McCutchenville, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Married Name: 9 October 1843; Kemp1
  • Census*: April 1861; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 39a t 1861 Census: see John Kemp (father-in-law)2

Family: James E. Kemp b. 26 Feb 1818, d. 29 Jun 1895

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.

Harriet Edwina Kemp1

F, #48073, b. 16 June 1846, d. 19 June 1902
  • Birth*: 16 June 1846; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 2 October 1867; Carey, Wyandot Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=George W. Cypher1
  • Death*: 19 June 1902; McCutchenville, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Census*: April 1861; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 15 at 1861 Census: see John Kemp (grandfather)2
  • Married Name: 2 October 1867; Cypher1

Family: George W. Cypher b. 12 Aug 1839, d. 31 Dec 1924

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.

George W. Cypher1

M, #48074, b. 12 August 1839, d. 31 December 1924
  • Birth*: 12 August 1839; New York, New York, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 2 October 1867; Carey, Wyandot Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Harriet Edwina Kemp1
  • Death*: 31 December 1924; McCutchenville, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1

Family: Harriet Edwina Kemp b. 16 Jun 1846, d. 19 Jun 1902

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

Charles Medcalf Kemp1

M, #48075, b. 23 February 1849, d. 21 June 1936
  • Birth*: 23 February 1849; Cramahe Twp., Colborne, Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 12 March 1874; Tiffin, Seneca Co., U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Mary Celestia Alice Brosius1
  • Death*: 21 June 1936; Tiffon, Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Census*: April 1861; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 12 at 1861 Census: see John Kemp (grandfather)2

Family: Mary Celestia Alice Brosius b. 3 Feb 1855, d. 13 Nov 1929

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.

Mary Celestia Alice Brosius1

F, #48076, b. 3 February 1855, d. 13 November 1929
  • Birth*: 3 February 1855; Benton Ridge, Hancock Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 12 March 1874; Tiffin, Seneca Co., U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Charles Medcalf Kemp1
  • Death*: 13 November 1929; Fostoria, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Married Name: 12 March 1874; Kemp1

Family: Charles Medcalf Kemp b. 23 Feb 1849, d. 21 Jun 1936

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

Edwina Jane Kemp1

F, #48077, b. 15 February 1852, d. 21 September 1854

  • Birth*: 15 February 1852; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006. Date 1852 per Burial.1,2
  • Death*: 21 September 1854; Percy Twp., Warkworth, Northumberland Co., Ontario; Date Sep 21 1854 per Memorial & CEMSearch. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1,2,3
  • Burial*: 23 September 1854; Warkworth Cemetery, Warkworth, Northumberland Co., Ontario; Memorial: (See Exhibit) In; Memory of; Edwina Jane; Who Died; Sep 21, 1854; Aged 2 Y's 1? M's & 1? D; Also; Syphrona T.; Who Died; April 30, 1858; Aged 3 Years; Children Of; James E. & Adaline; Kemp (Warkworth Cemetery, Warkworth, Apr. 28, 2007)
    CEMSearch: Name: Edwina Jane Kemp; Born: 1852; Died: 1854-09-21; Age: 2y; Notes: Daughter of James and Adeline; Buried: Warkworth Cemetery, Sec 2 Row 28 Plot 7; Other names: Eleanor Kemp (Martin) ( -1864), John Kemp (1788-1861), Syphrona Kemp (1855-1858)2,3

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S39] Unknown name of person unknown record type, unknown repository, unknown repository address.
  3. [S15] Unknown author, Tombstone Inscription.

Syphrona T. Kemp1,2,3,4

F, #48078, b. 1855, d. 30 April 1858

  • Birth*: 1855; Percy Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Date 1855 per Memorial & CEMSearch Record. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.2,3,4
  • Death*: 30 April 1858; Percy Twp., Warkworth, Northumberland Co., Ontario; Date Apr 30 1858 per CEMSearch Record. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.2,3
  • Burial*: 2 May 1858; Warkworth Cemetery, Warkworth, Northumberland Co., Ontario; Memorial: (See Exhibit) In; Memory of; Edwina Jane; Who Died; Sep 21, 1854; Aged 2 Y's 1? M's & 1? D; Also; Syphrona T.; Who Died; April 30, 1858; Aged 3 Years; Children Of; James E. & Adaline; Kemp (Warkworth Cemetery, Warkworth, Apr. 28, 2007)
    CEMSearch: Name: Syphrona Kemp; Born: 1855; Died: 1858-04-30; Notes: Daughter of James and Adeline; Buried: Warkworth Cemetery, Sec 2 Row 28 Plot 07; Other names: Edwina Jane Kemp (1852-1854), Eleanor Kemp (Martin) ( -1864), John Kemp (1788-1861)3,4

Citations

  1. Syphrona per Memorial & CEMSearch Record.
  2. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  3. [S39] Unknown name of person unknown record type, unknown repository, unknown repository address.
  4. [S15] Unknown author, Tombstone Inscription.

Jacob C. Kemp1

M, #48079, b. 7 April 1827, d. 18 March 1906
  • Birth*: 7 April 1827; Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 7 April 1851; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Hannah Osterhout1
  • Death*: 18 March 1906; Eden Twp., Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Residence*: 1852; Conc 8 Lot 4, Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Residence per 1851 Census: Conc 8, Lot 4, Murray Twp., 50 acres.2
  • Residence: April 1861; Conc 8 Lot 4, Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Residence per 1861 Census: Conc 8, SE part Lot 4, Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., 50 acres3

Family: Hannah Osterhout b. Sep 1829, d. 10 Dec 1907

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S11] Unknown author, 1851 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.
  3. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.

Hannah Osterhout1

F, #48080, b. September 1829, d. 10 December 1907
  • Birth*: September 1829; Hillier Twp., Prince Edward Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 7 April 1851; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Jacob C. Kemp1
  • Death*: 10 December 1907; Melmore, Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Married Name: 7 April 1851; Kemp1

Family: Jacob C. Kemp b. 7 Apr 1827, d. 18 Mar 1906

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

David Osterhout1

M, #48081, b. 13 October 1799, d. 17 May 1878
  • Birth*: 13 October 1799; U.S.A.; Date 1799 & location US per 1871 Census. Date 1800 & location US per 1861 Census. Date 1798 & location USA per 1851 Census. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006. Date Oct 13 1799 & location USA per family tree of gelnnareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009.1,3,4,5,6
  • Marriage*: December 1820; Ontario; Date Dec 1820 per family tree of gelnnareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Elizabeth Huycke1,5
  • Death*: 17 May 1878; Ontario; Date May 17 1878 per family tree of glennareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1,5
  • Burial*: 19 May 1878; Stockdale Cemetery, Stockdale, Northumberland Co., Ontario; CEMSearch: Name: David Osterhout; Born: - ; Died: 1878-05-17; Age: 78y 7m; Notes: Husband of Elizabeth; Buried: Stockdale Cemetery, Stockdale; Other names: Elizabeth Osterhout ( -1866)7
  • Census: 1848; Conc 9 Lot 3, Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; 1848 Census: David Osterhout; Conc 9, Lot 3, prop.; farmer
  • Census*: 1850; Conc 9 Lot 3, Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; 1850 Census: David Osterhout; Conc 9, Lot 3, prop.; Total 8 persons
  • Census: 1851; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 53 at 1851 Census: Osterhout, David, 53, b. USA, WM, farmer, married; Elizabeth, 50, b. Cda., WM, married; Mary, 19, b. UC, WM; Uriah, 18; Susanah, 15; Sarah, 13 (1851 Census Online: Murray Twp., pg. 106 of 172, line 16 - ancestry.com)3
  • Residence*: 1852; Conc 9 Lot 3, Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Residence per 1851 Census: Conc 9, Lot 3, 100 acres, Murray Twp.3
  • Census: April 1861; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 61 at 1861 Census: Osterhout, David, 61, b. US?, WM, yeoman, married; Elizabeth, 59, b. UC, WM, married; Susan, 23, b. UC, WM, single; Sarah, 21, b. UC, b. UC, WM, single (1861 Census Online: Murray Twp., pg. 78 of 1769 - ancestry.com)
    Note: William Osterhout, a son, is just below and his kids are at the top of page 77)4
  • Census: April 1871; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 72 at 1871 Census: see Martha Ruttan (daughter)6

Family: Elizabeth Huycke b. 31 Mar 1802, d. 23 Mar 1866

  • Marriage*: December 1820; Ontario; Date Dec 1820 per family tree of gelnnareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Elizabeth Huycke1,5

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S22] Rootsweb, online unknown url.
  3. [S11] Unknown author, 1851 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.
  4. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.
  5. [S85] Ancestry, online unknown url.
  6. [S14] Unknown author, 1871 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.
  7. [S39] Unknown name of person unknown record type, unknown repository, unknown repository address.

Elizabeth Huycke1

F, #48082, b. 31 March 1802, d. 23 March 1866
  • Birth*: 31 March 1802; Ontario; Date Mar 28 1802 per CEMSearch. Date 1802 & location UC per 1861 Census. Date 1801 & location UC per 1851 Census. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006. Date Mar 31 1802 per family tree of gelnnareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009.1,2,3,4,5
  • Marriage*: December 1820; Ontario; Date Dec 1820 per family tree of gelnnareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=David Osterhout1,4
  • Death*: 23 March 1866; Ontario; Date Mar 23 1866 per CEMSearch. Date Mar 23 1866 per family tree of glennareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009.4,5
  • Burial*: 25 March 1866; Stockdale Cemetery, Stockdale, Northumberland Co., Ontario; CEMSearch: Name: Elizabeth Osterhout; Born: - ; Died: 1866-03-23; Age: 63y 11m 23d; Notes: Wife of David Osterhout; Buride: Stockdale Cemetery, Stockdale; Other names: David Osterhout ( -1878)5
  • Married Name: December 1820; Osterhout1
  • Census*: 1851; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 50 at 1851 Census: see David Osterhout2
  • Census: April 1861; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; Age 59 at 1861 Census: see David Osterhout3

Family: David Osterhout b. 13 Oct 1799, d. 17 May 1878

  • Marriage*: December 1820; Ontario; Date Dec 1820 per family tree of gelnnareynolds1, ancestryc.om, Aug 9 2009. per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=David Osterhout1,4

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.
  2. [S11] Unknown author, 1851 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.
  3. [S10] Unknown author, 1861 Canada Census, Record Type: microfilm.
  4. [S85] Ancestry, online unknown url.
  5. [S39] Unknown name of person unknown record type, unknown repository, unknown repository address.
  6. [S22] Rootsweb, online unknown url.

Elizabeth C. Kemp1

F, #48083, b. March 1852, d. 10 December 1922
  • Birth*: March 1852; Murray Twp., Northumberland Co., Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 28 December 1875; Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Ephraim Scouton1
  • Death*: 10 December 1922; Toledo, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Married Name: 28 December 1875; Scouton1

Family: Ephraim Scouton b. 13 Nov 1834, d. 1 Jan 1885

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.

Ephraim Scouton1

M, #48084, b. 13 November 1834, d. 1 January 1885
  • Birth*: 13 November 1834; Ontario; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1
  • Marriage*: 28 December 1875; Seneca Co., Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.; Principal=Elizabeth C. Kemp1
  • Death*: 1 January 1885; Tiffin, Ohio, U.S.A.; per Kemp GEDCOM sent to me via email by Cheryl Taber, March 14, 2006.1

Family: Elizabeth C. Kemp b. Mar 1852, d. 10 Dec 1922

Citations

  1. [S33] Unknown author, "Email Message," e-mail to unknown recipient.